What is a STI

Sexually transmitted infection      STI

Sexually transmissible disease     STD

Venereal diseases                     VD

Chlamydia

Genital Warts

Genital Herpes

Gonorrhoea

HIV

Pubic Lice

Syphilis

STI Symptoms What is anSTI
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STI Symptoms

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STD stands for sexually transmitted diseases, also known as sexually transmitted infection STI.

Sexual intercourse, oral sex and anal sex are all ways to contract an STI. Contact with bodily fluids such as saliva, blood, sperm and vaginal discharge can also lead to an infection. A few, can be transmitted through skin contact alone. Some will show little or no STI symptoms.  Herpes, Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis,  HIV, Aids. If you think you may have  any of the symptoms below get tested as soon as possible.

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Not all sexually transmitted infections can be cured. However most can be treated and controlled if caught and diagnosed in time.

If you believe you have contracted an STD it is most important to refrain from sexual contact, inform any relevant sexual partners and

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Or you may cause serious health and reproductive problems if left untreated

CHLAMYDIA  is caused by a bacterium and infects the mucous membranes in the mouth, anus and genital areas. Symptoms include abnormal genital discharge or pain when urinating, which appear within 1-3 weeks after contact; however, half of infected women and quarter of infected men can have no symptoms at all. Chlamydia causes pelvic inflammatory disease which is a serious complication and a massive cause of infertility in women. Chlamydia is treatable and cured with antibiotics.


GENITAL AND ANAL WARTS are caused by a viruses and spread with sexual contact, but sharing towels and sex toys can also spread warts. They can cause warts on the vagina, penis, cervix,  scrotum and anus. They can appear any time from a few weeks but sometimes a year after initial infection. Warts can be treated by a chemical treatment, freezing or burning.



GENITAL HERPES  is caused by a virus. There are two types. Type 1 the common cold sore, giving blisters on the lips, mouth and occasionally the genitals. Type 2 is more common to the genitals. Symptoms of initial infection of genital herpes will appear within 2-10 days of contact with the virus and last an average of 2-3 weeks. Sores will appear at the site of infection, sometimes on the woman's cervix or the mans urinary passage. Other symptoms of genital herpes can include fever, headache, aching muscles, painful or hard to urinate, vaginal discharge, and swollen glands in the groin area. The disease can reoccur . There is no cure for herpes but treatments can be used to speed healing. Genital herpes can be passed from mother to newborn if an infection is present during natural birth.


GONORRHOEA (The Clap) is caused by bacteria and most commonly spread during genital, anal or oral sex and sharing of sex aids. When symptoms of gonorrhea develop, they usually appear within 2-10 days after contact with an infection, be aware a small proportion of patients may be infected for many months without showing any symptoms. The first symptoms in women include a burning or painful sensation when urinating or an abnormal purulent vaginal discharge. Men often have a purulent discharge from their penis. Gonorrhea can be treated with antibiotics. Gonorrhea can also be passed from mother to newborn.


HIV/AIDS can be transmitted through the exchange of body fluids (e.g. Breast milk, semen, blood, saliva, vaginal secretions) and through all forms of unprotected sexual intercourse (vaginal, oral and anal). Starting after a few weeks of having been exposed to infected, many will have flu like symptoms. But symptoms do not have to show for many years, in some cases. As the infection matures symptoms can include, swollen lymph glands, continual tiredness, recurrent fever and night sweats, intense weight loss for no apparent reason, pale spots or unusual blemishes in the mouth, diarrhoea and reduced appetite. To protect against HIV you must use condoms at all times during sex. There is no present cure for HIV/AIDS, although medical treatment can delay the onset of AIDS.


PUBIC LICE is irritating but on the whole harmless. Infected parties should be treated with an anti-lice product and clean all bed sheeting and cloths.


SYPHILIS is a bacteria. Syphilis disease has stages, the symptom of primary syphilis are sore’s around the genital areas, the cervix, tongue, lips, or other parts of the body and can appear within 10 - 90 days after exposure. The stage 2 of syphilis is a skin rash that appears anywhere between 20-45 days after the sore appears, and comes with symptoms like swollen lymph glands, mild fever, fatigue, headache, sore throat and alopecia type hair loss. Untreated syphilis can cause a variety of serious health issues, blindness, heart abnormalities, mental disorders, neurological problems, and death. Organs damaged by Syphilis can not be reversed but when treated with penicillin or other antibiotics can be cured.


TRICHOMONIASIS is caused by a parasite; Affecting the urethra in males, and the vagina in females. There is often no symptoms. When there are symptoms, it will occur within 4 days to 3 weeks of infection. The  female symptoms include a yellow-green or grayish vaginal discharge, uncomfortable intercourse, pain when urinating, vaginal odour, and an itching in the genital area. Often men do not have any symptoms. Should be treated with an antibiotic.

What are the symptoms of an STI?